Obstacle Avoiding Robot is an intelligent device that can automatically sense the obstacle in front of it and avoid them by turning itself in another direction. This design allows the robot to navigate in an unknown environment by avoiding collisions, which is a primary requirement for any autonomous mobile robot. The application of the Obstacle Avoiding robot is not limited and it is used in most of the military organizations now which helps carry out many risky jobs that cannot be done by any soldiers.
Before going to build the robot, it is important to understand how the ultrasonic sensor works because this sensor will have an important role in detecting an obstacle. The basic principle behind the working of an ultrasonic sensor is to note down the time taken by the sensor to transmit ultrasonic beams and receiving ultrasonic beams after hitting the surface. Then further the distance is calculated using the formula. In this project, the widely available Ultrasonic Sensor is used.
- Arduino NANO or Uno (any version)
- HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
- LM298N Motor Driver Module
- 5V DC Motors
- Jumper Wires
For ages: 11+ years